The Causes of Adult Acne, Why It’s on the Rise, and How to Get Rid of It

You’d be forgiven for thinking that acne is something only hormonal teenagers have to deal with. However, an increasing number of adults are also struggling with this condition as they battle with constant breakouts and oily skin.

In fact, recent studies suggest that 40 to 55 percent of adults from the ages of 20 to 40 are suffering from oily skin and mild, persistent acne. The Journal of American Academy of Dermatology also adds that 54 percent of women age 25 and over have some form of facial acne. The study also demonstrated that, in 12% of women, acne is likely to continue into middle age.

So, what causes adult acne and why is it on the rise?

According to researchers at The International Dermal Institute, the increased number of adult acne cases stem from the ever-changing lifestyles we’re all experiencing. With more stress, different diets, and other internal and external factors, breakouts and flare-ups are growing.

The research also found that those with adult acne are likely to have fewer comedones (blackheads, whiteheads, and papules) compared to teenage acne and the acne is more likely to be inflammatory. Lesions will be located mainly around the jawline, chin, and mouth, instead of the T-zone. And due to the fact many adults also suffer from sensitive skin and/or other skin conditions, treating adult acne can be more challenging than teenage acne.

 

adult acne difference

Adult acne before and after

However, if you can pinpoint the factor (or factors) that may be contributing to your adult acne, you should be able to start tackling it. Below, we’ve not only revealed the primary causes of adult acne but we’ve also debunked some common myths for you too. And you’ll also find some helpful tips on how you can ward off future breakouts.

Check out our detailed guide about adult acne treatment!

What is Adult Acne?

Acne at any age is caused when the tiny hair follicles in your skin become blocked by sebum (natural oils) and dead skin cells. These blocked cells are vulnerable to bacteria, which then work their way into your follicles and start to grow – rapidly. Then, when your body’s immune cells try to battle against this bacteria, you develop the telltale signs of acne – spots, redness, and swelling.

Blackhead adult acne formation

Acne structure

 

What Causes Adult Acne?

As we’ve already seen, adult acne is increasingly common in people aged 20, 30, 40, and even 50. And there are a number of reasons why you might be part of this statistic, including:

Adult Acne and Hormone Levels

As an adult, and especially if you’re a woman, you’ll often have a fluctuation in your hormone levels. When there’s an imbalance, this can cause a breakout. That’s why many women will suffer from acne when they’re menstruating, they’re pregnant, they’re going through menopause, or they’re starting or discontinuing birth control pills.

Adult Acne and Stress

Some research has found a link between acne flare-ups and stress. That’s because, when we’re stressed, our bodies release more androgens (a male hormone, which is also found in women). These hormones are responsible for stimulating hair follicles and oil glands that are found in our skin. As your skin starts to produce more oil, this can cause acne because your follicles become blocked.

 

The causes of adult acne

Avoid stress to fight acne

 

This can also create a vicious circle because your breakout causes more stress, and your stress causes more breakouts!

Adult Acne and Your Genes

If you’ve got a close blood relative, such as a sibling or parent, who suffers from acne, it could increase your risk of developing the skin condition too. Researchers have also found that a genetic predisposition for acne may be found within some people. Therefore, if you have this predisposition, it’s more likely that you’ll develop acne at some point in your life.

Adult Acne and Skin Care and Hair Products

Adult acne can be worsened by the products you’re using on your skin and/or hair. If you do have acne or there are cases of acne in your family, look out for products that are labeled as being:

  • Oil-free
  • Non-acnegenic
  • Non-comedogenic
  • Won’t clog pores

All of the above will help make sure your pores are kept as clear as possible and don’t become clogged with oil, dead skin cells, and product. As these products won’t contribute to your acne as much, opt for cleansers, moisturizers, sunscreens, and other products that have one of the above properties.

Acne and Medication Side Effects

Some medications will have the side effect of acne. If you’ve noticed that you’ve started to develop acne after taking a medication or your acne has gotten worse, continue to take your prescribed course while also seeking the advice of your doctor. Ask them if acne is a side effect and, if it is, whether there’s an alternative medicine you could take. If not, you may want to seek the advice of a dermatologist who will be able to prescribe a treatment for your acne that won’t interfere with the medication you’re taking.

Acne and Other Medical Conditions

In some cases, acne can arise as the result of an undiagnosed medical condition. You should find that, when the medical condition has been found and treated, your acne clears up too.

 

Common Myths About the Causes of Adult Acne

As with any medical condition, there are a number of myths about the causes of adult acne. These include:

1. Adult Acne and Poor Hygiene

For many years people wrongly assumed that adult acne was linked to poor hygiene. However, as any acne sufferer will know, poor skin care routines aren’t something you can be accused of.

In fact, washing your skin too frequently only adds to the problem as you start to dry your skin out. And when your skin dries out, it starts to produce more oil. What does this oil do? Contribute toward your acne! Therefore, washing your skin twice a day (and after exercise) is all that’s recommended.

2. Adult Acne and Your Diet

The debate as to whether your diet can contribute to your acne continues. However, even though healthy eating will always benefit you, a poor diet isn’t thought to be the sole cause of acne. For example, eating chocolate and chips and drinking lots of caffeine aren’t proven to cause acne. But there are some diets that are thought to increase your risk of developing acne. These are ones that are high in sugar, dairy, refined carbs, and red meat.

3. Adult Acne and Wearing Makeup

Wearing makeup is something most of us will want to do when we’re suffering from a breakout. However, many people will warn you against the use of cosmetics when you’re suffering from oily, acne-prone skin.

But, thankfully, cosmetics have moved on a lot since the above theories were established. Now all you need to do is shop for your cosmetics with as much savviness as you shop for your skin care products. Look for specialist makeup that is oil-free and won’t clog up your pores. The best types of makeup are ones that contain salicylic acid, which helps to fight breakouts, and ones that are labeled as being non-comedogenic or non-acnegenic, which means they won’t clog up your pores or cause breakouts.

For some great advice on how to cover up your acne with makeup, check out this tutorial that helps you achieve a natural, flawless look.

How to Get Rid of Adult Acne

The best adult acne treatment will depend on your individual case and skin type. However, there are a number of things you can introduce into your daily skin care regime to try and combat the next breakout:

Combatting Adult Acne with Your Skin Care Regime

It’s important to use a cleanser every day, twice a day. Use a gentle cleanser that’s designed for sensitive, acne-prone skin before washing this off with lukewarm water. Use your hands to wash your face and don’t rub your skin dry afterward – just pat it with a clean towel.

There are also a number of over-the-counter lotions and creams that are available for adult acne. Retinoid lotions and creams not only help clear your skin but they’re also great for combatting wrinkles (bonus)!

Another acne-fighting product is benzoyl peroxide, but you should only use this occasionally as it can dry out your skin. If it does, you might want to try a milder form of this product.

For a targeted spot treatment that you use when you have a breakout, sulfur products can be beneficial. However, again, these shouldn’t be used frequently.

Combatting Adult Acne with Prescription Medications

If you can’t get rid of adult acne with day-to-day products, you might want to seek the advice of your doctor. They can prescribe a medication that helps combat your acne by either controlling your hormones or fighting the bacterial infections that are causing your acne.

Birth control pills are often prescribed for women who are suffering from acne as they help regulate your hormones, reducing the risk of imbalance which is causing frequent breakouts.

Alternatively, an antibiotic might prove to be the effective treatment you need. Or you may be prescribed Aldactone (spironolactone), which has been found to treat acne even though it was originally developed to tackle high blood pressure.

Stronger treatments include Isotretinoin, but if you’re planning to get pregnant or you already are, you can’t take this.

Combatting Adult Acne with Light Therapy

The red light used in light therapy for acne has been found to have anti-inflammatory properties, while the blue light that’s also used targets and kills the bacteria that causes acne.

 

Adult acne treatment

Light therapy procedure

 

This type of therapy used to be something you needed an appointment for, but there are now a number of do-it-yourself home kits available, which take around 45 minutes to do.

Conclusion

Even though adult acne does differ in some ways to the hormonal acne you might have suffered from when you were a teenager, the process of treating it is much the same. By identifying the potential triggers for your acne, altering your skin care and the products you’re using, and seeking advice from a doctor/dermatologist if your acne is severe, you should be able to improve your skin dramatically.

Remember, acne isn’t something you just have to “deal with.” There are solutions available, and even though nothing works overnight, after a few months you should start to notice a difference.

Do you suffer from adult acne? What types of treatments and medication have you tried, and what have you found most successful? Please share your comments and thoughts with us and our readers below!

 

The Causes of Adult Acne, Why It’s on the Rise, and How to Get Rid of It
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Jonathan Clark
 

An individual with more than 15 years of experience in the pharmaceutical and cosmetics industry. The last 5 years i have been specializing in acne treatment and analyzed more than 100 products.

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